Nhau

Chii chinonzi textile science?

Sehunyanzvi hwesainzi, machira echidzidzo echimakanika (epanyama, echimakanika) uye emakemikari nzira dzinoshandiswa mune fiber musangano uye kugadzirisa. Vanhu kurarama, vekutanga kudya, wechipiri kupfeka. Kubva panguva dzekare, kusara kwehombodo uye dehwe, ingangoita zvese zvipfeko zvemachira. Sekugadzira, iyo nhete pfungwa yemachira inoreva kutenderera uye kuruka, nepo iyo yakafara pfungwa yemachira inosanganisirawo mbishi yekugadzirisa zvinhu, kutetepa, kudaya, kupedzisa, uye kugadzirwa kwemakemikari fiber. Zvigadzirwa zvemachira, kuwedzera kune zvipfeko, asiwo zvekutarisa, kurongedza nezvimwe zvinangwa. Munguva dzazvino uno, inoshandiswa zvakare mukushongedza pamba, kugadzirwa kwemaindasitiri nekurima, kurapwa, kudzivirirwa kwenyika nezvimwe zvinhu. Textile tekinoroji ndiyo nzira uye hunyanzvi hwekugadzirisa zvinoshanda mukugadzirwa kwemachira. Kune rimwe divi, iyo sisitimu yemitemo yekutanga iyo vanhu vanoziva pachinhu ichi inogadzira textile sainzi.

Kubva ma1950, sainzi yemachira yakafambira mberi zvikuru. Panyaya yezvakakosha zvemukati, zvemachira zvigadzirwa sainzi inoumbwa pahwaro hwefibre sainzi uye polymer chemistry; michina tekinoroji ye fiber zvinhu inoumbwa pahwaro hwamakanika uye makanika; chemakemikari tekinoroji ye fiber zvinhu inoumbwa pahwaro hwechemistry uye fiber sainzi; uye zvemukati zvemachira dhizaini zvakafumiswa pahwaro hweaesthetics, geometry uye physiology. Nezve marginal zvemukati, akawanda ekutanga sainzi uye mamwe tekinoroji sainzi zvakabatanidzwa zvakanyanya pamwe nemachira maitiro, achiumba mamwe matsva matavi uye mabudiro enongedzo: semuenzaniso, nhoroondo uye economics zvinoshandiswa kune yekugadzira mbatya yekutsvaga, kugadzira machira nhoroondo; masvomhu manhamba, kutsvagisa kwekuita uye optimization dzidziso mune masvomhu zvakashandiswa zvakanyanya mukugadzirwa kwemachira uye kugadzirwa; fizikisi uye Tekinoroji Fizikisi inoiswa kumachira indasitiri Kugadzirwa kwemachira, tekinoroji yekuona michina uye otomatiki kudzora tekinoroji kwakasimudzirwa, Yakaumba kemesitiri yedhayi nevabatsiri, uye yakasimudzira kuvandudzwa kwekutsvaira, kugadzira silika uye sizing makemikari maitiro; iko kushandiswa kwemakanika uye zvemagetsi mune machira kwakagadzira dhizaini yemachira michina, kugadzirwa kwemachira michina, michina yemachira machira, nezvimwe; kushandiswa kweEnharaunda Sayenzi mumachira, inosanganiswa neakasiyana machira matekinoroji, yakavandudza dhizaini yemachira, mhepo kutonhodza uye michina yemachira Kushandiswa kweManagement Sayenzi mumachira indasitiri kuri kuumba manejimendi ekugadzirwa kweindasitiri yemachira. Sekureva kwechirongwa chechirongwa, nekuda kwekushandiswa kwakanyanya kwemakemikari tambo, iyo yekutanga donje, mvere, silika uye hemp matekinoroji ari kuramba achichinja, zvishoma nezvishoma achigadzira mhando yedonje, mhando yemvere, sirika mhando, hemp mhando uye mamwe machira matekinoroji, imwe neimwe iine yayo wega yakasarudzika fiber yekutanga kugadziriswa, kutenderera uye kudzedzereka, kuruka, kudhaya uye kupedza, chigadzirwa dhizaini uye zvichingodaro. Kunyangwe vaine zvakawanda zvakafanana kune mumwe nemumwe, hunhu hwavo hunoita kuti vagadzire akasiyana mana akazvimirira matavi. Iko zvakare kune mutsva muganho munda wezvipfeko pakati peyakajeka indasitiri uye machira, ayo ari kutora chimiro. Iwo mwero wekukura webazi rega rega rekushongedzwa kwemachira kwakasiyana. Zvaanoreva uye madimikira ari kuramba achikura uye achichinja, uye mamwe acho anopindirana nekuzara mukati meumwe.


Post nguva: Kubvumbi-07-2021